The use of almond oil in skin care products for newborns

Abstract

In this article we discusse the principles of assessing the condition of the skin of a newborn, describe the features of the skin of newborns, points out the factors influencing the occurrence of diseases and skin lesions, as well as the possibilities of their prevention. The composition and beneficial effect of sweet almond oil when used in infant skin care, relevant for neonatological and pediatric practice, are described in detail. The article presents recommendations aimed at further optimization of newborn skin care, especially in premature newborns and seriously ill children.

Keywords:skin; newborns; care; sweet almond oil; dryness; softening; cleansing; skin protection

Funding. The study had no sponsor support.

Conflict of interest. The author declares no conflict of interest.

For citation: Ryumina I.I. The use of almond oil in skin care products for newborns. Neonatologiya: novosti, mneniya, obuchenie [Neonatology: News, Opinions, Training]. 2022; 10 (2): 38–42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33029/2308-2402-2022-10-2-38-42 (in Russian)

Литература/References

1. Eichenfield L.F., Frieden I.J., Esterly N.B. Neonatal Dermatology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; Elsevier, 2015.

2. Visscher M.O., Narendran V., Pickens W.L., et al. Vernix caseosa in neonatal adaptation. J Perinatol. 2005; 25 (7): 440.

3. Wilson D.R., Maibach H.I. Transepidermal water loss in vivo. Premature and term infants. Biol Neonate. 1980; 4: 180–5.

4. Kong H.H., Segre J.A. The molecular revolution in cutaneous biology: investigating the skin microbiome. J Investig Dermatol. 2017; 137: e119–22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jid.2016.07.045

5. Tapiainen T., Paalanne N., Tejesvi M.V., et al. Maternal influence on the fetal microbiome in a population-based study of the first-pass meconium. Pediatr Res. 2018; 84: 371–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/pr.2018.29

6. Casterline B.W., Paller A.S. Early development of the skin microbiome: therapeutic opportunities. Pediatr Res. 2021; 90: 731–7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41390-020-01146-2

7. Lund C.H., Osborne J.W. Validity and reliability of the neonatal skin condition score. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2004; 33 (3): 320–7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0884217504265174

8. Steen E.H., Wang X., Boochoon K.S., Ewing D.C., Strang H.E., Kaul A., et al. Wound healing and wound care in neonates: current therapies and novel options. Adv Skin Wound Care. 2020; 33 (6): 294–300. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ASW.0000661804.09496.8c PMID: 32427785.

9. Sorte D.Y. Care of skin in neonate (neonatal skin care guidelines). Nurs Health Care Int J. 2019; 3 (2): 000175.

10. Johnson E., Hunt R. Infant skin care: updates and recommendations. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2019; 31 (4): 476–81. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/MOP.0000000000000791 PMID: 31188166.

11. Visscher М.A. Practical method for rapid measurement of skin condition. Newborn Infant Nurs Rev. 2014; 14 (4): 147–52. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1053/j.nainr.2014.10.002

12. Allwood M. Skin care guidelines for infants aged 23–30 weeks’ gestation: a review of the literature. Paediatr Child Health Nurs. 2011; 14 (1): 20–7. URL: http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.massey.ac.nz

13. Altimier L., Phillips R. The neonatal integrative developmental care model: Advanced clinical applications of seven core measures for neuroprotective family-centred developmental care. Newborn Infant Nurs Rev. 2016; 16 (4): 230–44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1053/j.nainr.2016.09.030

14. Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses. Neonatal Skin Care. 3rd ed. Washington, DC: Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies, 2013.

15. Conner J.M., Soll R., Edwards W.H. Topical ointment for preventing infection in preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004; 1: CD001150.

16. Edwards W.H., Conner J.E., Soll R.F. The effect of prophylactic ointment therapy on nosocomial sepsis rates and skin integrity in infants with birth weights of 501 to 1000 grams. Pediatrics. 2004; 113 (5): 1195–203. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.113.5.1195

17. Glass H.C., Costarino A.T., Stayer S.A., Brett C., Cladis F., Davis P.J. Outcomes for extremely premature infants. Anaesth Analg. 2015; 120 (6): 1337–51. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1213/ANE.0000000000000705

18. Johnson D.E. Extremely preterm infant skin care. Adv Neonatal Care. 2016; 16 (5): 26–32. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000335

19. National Women’s Health. National Women’s Annual Clinical Report 2015. 2016. URL: http://www.adhb.govt.nz

20. Reynolds R.D., Pilcher J., Ring A., Johnson R., McKinley P. The golden hour: care of the LBW infant during the first hour of life one unit’s experience. Neonatal Netw. 2009; 28 (4): 211–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1891/0730-0832.28.4.211

21. Visscher M.O., Adam R., Brink S., Odio M. Newborn infant skin: physiology, development, and care. Clin Dermatol. 2015; 33 (3): 271–80. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clindermatol.2014.12.003

22. Visscher M.O., Taylor T., Narendran V. Neonatal intensive care practices and the influence on skin condition. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2013; 27 (4): 486–93. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-3083.2012.04470

23. Blume-Peytavi U., Hauser M., Stamatas G.N., Pathirana D., Garcia Bartels N. Skin care practices for newborns and infants: review of the clinical evidence for best practices. Pediatr Dermatol. 2012; 29 (1): 1–14.

24. Roncero J.M., Alvarez-Ort M., Pardo-Gimenez A., Gomez R., Rabadan A., Pardo J.E. Almond virgin oil: parameters of regulated physicochemical quality and stability. Riv Ital Delle Sostanze Grasse. 2016; 93: 237–43.

25. House D., Hill K., Neufeld J., Franczyk A., Nosworthy M.G. Determination of the protein quality of almonds (Prunus dulcis L.) as assessed by in vitro and in vivo methodologies. Food Sci Nutr. 2019; 7; 2932–8.

26. Melhaoui R., Kodad S., Houmy N., Belhaj K., Mansouri F., Abid M., et al. Characterization of sweet almond oil content of four European cultivars (Ferragnes, Ferraduel, Fournat, and Marcona) recently introduced in Morocco. Scientifica (Cairo). 2021; 2021: 9141695. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/9141695

27. Oliveira I., Meyer A. S., Afonso S., Aires A., Goufo P., Trindade H. Phenolic and fatty acid profiles, α-tocopherol and sucrose contents, and antioxidant capacities of understudied Portuguese almond cultivars. J Food Biochem. 2019; 43: e12887.

28. Summo C., Palasciano M., Angelis D.D., Paradiso V.M., Caponio F., Pasqualone A. Evaluation of the chemical and nutritional characteristics of almonds (Prunus dulcis (Mill). D. A. Webb) as influenced by harvest time and cultivar. J Sci Food Agric. 2018; 98: 5647–55.

29. Kahlaoui M., Borotto Dalla Vecchia S., Giovine F., Ben Haj Kbaier H., Bouzouita N, Barbosa Pereira L. Characterization of polyphenolic compounds extracted from different varieties of almond hulls (Prunus dulcis L.). Antioxidants. 2019; 8: 647.

30. Aires A., Morais M.C., Barreales D., Rodrigues M.A., Ribeiro A.C., Gonçalves B. Variation of almond yield, biometry, α-tocopherol levels, and antioxidant properties with nitrogen fertilization. J Food Biochem. 2018; 42: e12685.

31. Yao Y., Liu W., Zhou H., Zhang D., Li R., Li C. The relations between minor components and antioxidant capacity of five fruits and vegetables seed oils in China. J Oleo Sci. 2019; 68: 625–35.

32. Sakar E.H., El Yamani M., Rharrabti Y. Variability of oil content and its physico-chemical traits from five almond (Prunisdulcis) cultivars grown in northern Morocco. J Mater Environ Sci. 2017; 8: 2679–86.

33. Gouta H., Laaribi I., Ksia E., Juan T., Estopañan G., Martınez-Gomez P. Physical properties, biochemical and antioxidant contents of new promising Tunisian almond genotypes: traits stability, quality aspects and post-harvest attributes. J Food Compos Anal. 2021; 98: 103840.

34. Moore E.M., Wagner C., Komarnytsky S. The enigma of bioactivity and toxicity of botanical oils for skin care. Front Pharmacol. 2020; 11: 785.

35. Lin T.-K., Zhong L., Santiago J.L. Anti-inflammatory and skin barrier repair effects of topical application of some plant oils. Int J Mol Sci. 2018; 19: 70.

36. Barreca D., Nabavi S.M., Sureda A., Rasekhian M., Raciti R., Silva A.S. Almonds (Prunus dulcis Mill. DA Webb): a source of nutrients and health-promoting compounds. Nutrients. 2020; 12: 672.

37. Ahmad Z. The uses and properties of almond oil. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2010; 16: 10–2.

38. Sousa G.D., de Souza Dantas I.M.F., de Santana D.P., Leal L.B. New oils for cosmetic O/W emulsions: in vitro/ in vivo evaluation. Cosmetics. 2018: 5 (1): 6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics5010006

39. Liebert M.A. Final report on the safety assessment of sweet almond oil and almond meal. J Am Coll Toxicol. 1983; 2 (5): 85–9.

40. Blume-Peytavi U., Lavender T., Jenerowicz D., Ryumina I., Stalder J.F., Torrelo A., et al. Recommendations from a European Roundtable Meeting on Best Practice Healthy Infant Skin Care. Pediatr Dermatol. 2016; 33 (3): 311–21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/pde.12819 Epub 2016 Feb 26. PMID: 26919683; PMCID: PMC5069619.

41. Lee J.C., Lee Y., Park H.R. Effects of bathing interval on skin condition and axillary bacterial colonization in preterm infants. Appl Nurs Res. 2018; 40: 34–8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2017.12.012

42. Tapia-Rombo C.A., Morales-Mora M., Alvarez-Vazquez E. Variations of vital signs, skin color, behavior and oxygen saturation in premature neonates after sponge bathing. Possible complications. Rev Invest Clin. 2003; 55 (4): 438–43.

43. Loring C., Gregory K., Gargan B., et al. Tub bathing improves thermoregulation of the late preterm infant. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2012; 41 (2): 171–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1552-6909.2011.01332.x

44. Visscher M., Odio M., Taylor T., et al. Skin care in the NICU patient: effects of wipes versus cloth and water on stratum corneum integrity. Neonatology. 2009; 96 (4): 226–34. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1159/000215593

45. Lavender T., Furber C., Campbell M., Victor S., Roberts I., Bedwell C., et al. Effect on skin hydration of using baby wipes to clean the napkin area of newborn babies: assessor-blinded randomised controlled equivalence trial. BMC Pediatr. 2012; 12: 59. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-12-59 PMID: 22656391; PMCID: PMC3418152.

46. Albahrani Y., Hunt R. Newborn skin care. Pediatr Ann. 2019; 48: e11–5.

47. Nolan K., Marmur E. Moisturizers: reality and the skin benefits. Dermatol Ther. 2012; 25: 229–33.

48. Horimukai K., Morita K., Narita M., et al. Application of moisturizer to neonates prevents the development of atopic dermatitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014; 134: 824.e6–30.e6.

49. Simpson E.L., Chalmers J.R., Hanifin J.M., et al. Emollient enhancement of the skin barrier from birth offers effective atopic dermatitis prevention. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014; 134: 818–23.

50. Cooke А. Infant massage: the practice and evidence-base to support it. Br J Midwifery. 2015; 23 (3): 166–70. DOI: https://doi.org/10.12968/bjom.2015.23.3.166

51. Bonchak J.G., Prouty M.E., de la Feld S.F. Prevalence of contact allergens in personal care products for babies and children. Dermatitis. 2018; 29: 81–4.

52. Low K.Y., Wallace M. Prevalence of potential contact allergens in baby cosmetic products. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2019; 44 (4): 411–3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/ced.13767

53. Caglar S., Yildiz G.K., Bakoglu I., Salihoglu O. The effect of sunflower seed and almond oil on preterm infant skin: a randomized controlled trial. Adv Skin Wound Care. 2020; 33 (8): 1–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ASW.0000672500.18525.2e. PMID: 32697476.

54. Noonan C., Quigley S., Curley M.A. Skin integrity in hospitalized infants and children: a prevalence survey. J Pediatr Nurs. 2006; 21 (6): 445–53. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2006.07.002 PMID: 17101403.

55. Meszes A., Tálosi G., Máder K., Orvos H., Kemény L., Csoma Z.R. Lesions requiring wound management in a central tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. World J Pediatr. 2017; 13 (2): 165–72. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12519-016-0070-6 Epub 2016 Nov 15. PMID: 27878785.

56. Rowe J., McCall E., Kent B., Lim G. A systematic review of the clinical effectiveness of barrier preparations in the prevention and treatment of nappy dermatitis in infants and preschool children of nappy age. JBI Library of Systematic Reviews: 2008; 3 (4): 1–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11124/jbisrir-2005-702

57. Blume-Peytavi U., Kanti V. Prevention and treatment of diaper dermatitis. Pediatr Dermatol. 2018; 35: s19–23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/pde.13495

58. Lio P.A. Rapid improvement and protective effects of an almond oil-based ointment for diaper dermatitis. J Drugs Dermatol. 2016; 15 (11 suppl): s86–90.

CHIEF EDITOR
CHIEF EDITOR
Degtyarev Dmitriy Nikolaevich
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Deputy Director for Scientific Research of the V.I. Kulakov Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology National Medical Research Center of Ministry of Healthсаre of the Russian Federation, Head of the Chair of Neonatology at the Clinical Institute of Children's Health named after N.F. Filatov, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Chairman of the Ethics Committee of the Russian Society of Neonatologists, Moscow, Russian Federation

ORCID iD 0000-0001-8975-2425
Вскрытие
Medicine today

Уважаемые коллеги! Представляем оргкомитет 17-го Национального конгресса терапевтов (с международным участием) , который состоится 12-14 октября в МВЦ "Крокус Экспо" (павильон 3, Зал 20, г. Москва). · Президент Российского научного медицинского общества терапевтов,...

IV Съезд онкологов Московской области 7 октября 2022 года Активное развитие онкологической службы позволяет эффективно решать проблемы, возникающие на всех уровнях оказания помощи пациентам с онкозаболеваниями. Одним из успешных примеров такого взаимодействия является IV...

II Всероссийская конференция с международным участием "Воспаление глаза" 12 ноября 2022 года, Москва Воспалительные заболевания глаза - широко распространенная и многогранная проблема, с которой может столкнуться в своей практике любой специалист. Найти оптимальные алгоритмы...


Journals of «GEOTAR-Media»