Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist in infants: A review article


Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) and non-invasive (NIV)-NAVA are innovative modes of synchronized and proportional respiratory support. They can synchronize with the patients’ breathing and promote patient comfort. Both techniques are increasingly being used these years, however experience with their use in newborns and premature infants in Taiwan is relatively few. Because increasing evidence supports the use of NAVA and NIV-NAVA in newborns and premature infants requiring respiratory assist to achieve better synchrony, the aim of this article is to discuss whether NAVA can provide better synchronization and comfort for ventilated newborns and premature babies. In a review of recent literature, we found that NAVA and NIV-NAVA appear to be superior to conventional invasive and non-invasive ventilation. Nevertheless, some of the benefits are controversial. For example, treatment failure in premature infants is common due to insufficient triggering of electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi) and frequent apnea, highlighting the differences between premature infants and adults in settings and titration. Further, we suggest how to adjust the settings of NAVA and NIV-NAVA in premature infants to reduce clinical adverse events and extubation failure. In addition to assist in the use of NAVA, EAdi can also serve as a continuous and real-time monitor of vital signs, assisting physicians in the administration of sedatives, evaluation of successful extubation, and as a reference for the patient’s respiratory condition during special procedures.

Keywords:electrical activity of the diaphragm; neurally adjusted ventilatory assist; NIV-NAVA; premature infants; review


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Degtyarev Dmitriy Nikolaevich
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Deputy Director for Scientific Research of the V.I. Kulakov Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology National Medical Research Center of Ministry of Healthсаre of the Russian Federation, Head of the Chair of Neonatology at the Clinical Institute of Children's Health named after N.F. Filatov, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Chairman of the Ethics Committee of the Russian Society of Neonatologists, Moscow, Russian Federation

ORCID iD 0000-0001-8975-2425

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